Our hands are our primary tools, both at work and in our private lives. Unfortunately, a large number of reported occupational injuries are hand-related. That is why it is important to protect them - and choose the right glove for the purpose. We have put together an extensive new product line of working gloves, so there are gloves for virtually any conceivable work situation. The right glove for the job must provide good protection when used the right way. Contrarily, the 'wrong glove' creates false safety! Choosing the right glove requires careful consideration in relation to the planning of the task at hand. The following factors must be considered in order to achieve optimal protection:
All work gloves at ICM are produced in accordance with EN 420, which specifies baseline requirements:
Furthermore, there are a number of EN standards that specifically describe the requirements for individual properties such as wear resistance, chemical resistance etc. Work gloves are divided into 3 categories based on the risk they protect against. The categories are laid down in EU Directive 89/686 EEC, concerning safety requirements for personal protective equipment:
CATEGORY I - LOW RISK
Gloves should be used only for tasks with minimal safety risk. No special testing required, CE marked.
CATEGORY II - MEDIUM RISK
Gloves for tasks involving medium safety risk. In this category, the gloves must be tested by an approved independent testing institute in accordance with EN 420 and one or more other standards, e.g. EN ISO 374 and EN 388. Gloves must have a pictogram illustrating the protective function and CE marking.
CATEGORY III - HIGH RISK
Gloves for tasks with high safety risk, e.g. in connection with handling chemicals, heat, cold, radiation and electrical work. In this category, the gloves must be tested by an approved, independent testing institute as in Category II, and they must also undergo continuous quality control. In addition to a pictogram illustrating their protective function and CE marking, there must also be a 4-digit code on the gloves which refers to the respective testing institute.
Butyl rubber has very high ingress protection against gases and vapours. The material provides good protection against many aggressive chemicals such as esters, ketones and strong acids. Butyl gloves are used extensively in the chemical industry.
See under Neoprene.
Dyneema® is an extremely durable material, manufactured of polyethylene fibres, which are some of the strongest fibre materials available. Dyneema® is up to 15 times stronger than steel, which is why the material is also used in many other products, e.g., from ropes, cables and fishing nets to bulletproof clothing. Dyneema® gloves are widely used in the industry, because the material has unmatched durability, wear and cut properties.
A special Dyneema® and fibre glass mix with high yielding strength when it comes to cuts and wear. Used in knit gloves where great sensitivity and at the same time high protection against cuts are required.
Kevlar® is a very durable material, made of cut-resistant aramid fibres. This material and the special weaving/knitting of the glove make it very cut-resistant. Kevlar® can also be supplied with aluminium coating to reflect radiant heat. Due to the unique properties of the material, Kevlar gloves are becoming more and more popular, i.a. they are used to an increasing extent for handling hot and sharp objects in all industries. Kevlar gloves are washable.
For example, the Barrier glove is made of 5-ply laminate with a thickness of only 0.065 mm.
A synthetic rubber material, also known as Chloroprene. Neoprene protects against a broad spectrum of chemicals, i.e., alcohols, acids and petroleum products. It is a very elastic material even under very low temperatures. Neoprene is also very resistant to sunlight and ozone.
NBR, Nitrile-Butadiene-Rubber, is a synthetic material with high resistivity to both mechanical stress and many chemicals. Available as semi- and fully dipped and as cast gloves. The latter are used in the industry to protect against chemicals whereas dipped gloves are used for mechanical wear, e.g., in construction and other industries, such as iron and metal, for handling rough objects.
Fire-retardant material used in the production of gloves for firefighters.
Nylon is used, among other things. For knitting gloves where extra good fit is needed. Can be very finely knit to achieve perfect finger sensitivity.
The material is a thin plastic film. Used, among other things, for disposable gloves with welded edges. Suitable for short term tasks, e.g. for protection against dirt. Not suitable for chemicals.
Polyester is used, among other things, for knit gloves.
A synthetic material that is elastic, lightweight and soft with very good durability. Provides good protection against vegetable and animal fats. Not recommended for work with water or water-based solutions.
PVA, POLYVINYL ALCOHOL
A very durable material. PVA-gloves also offer a good grip. Provide good protection for tasks involving organic solutions - but is not suitable to work with water or alcohol.
VINYL-PVC (POLYVINYL CHLORIDE)
A strong, but at the same time soft glove material, which has been used for many years in the industry. Vinyl gloves provide good grip and preserve flexibility - even in cold conditions. Protects against some acids and bases. Usable in many industry sectors.
VITON® (FLUOR RUBBER)
VITON® is a superior glove material that provides good protection against many different chemicals, even aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Not suitable for ketones and esters. Used in the chemical industry, in cleaning, and when handling aggressive materials.
Cotton is used, among other things, for knitted and woven gloves, such as inner gloves, knit gloves and drill gloves.
NATURAL RUBBER (LATEX)
Natural rubber (latex) is one of the most elastic glove materials. The material protects against many acids and bases and has fairly good temperature resistance. Used in different industries, such as cleaning and in hospitals. Latex can cause an allergic reaction in some people. This risk can be reduced by a chlorine treatment against latex proteins.
The thickest leather for working gloves is obtained from oxhide. It is durable, wear-resistant, and offers good protection against moisture. Makes for high-quality gloves suitable for all-round work.
From the underside of the oxhide. Cowhide split is not as strong as oxhide, but provides better protection against heat and is therefore used for welding-and heat-resistant gloves. The surface is rough and therefore provides a good grip. Cowhide split leather is available in many different grades.
A very durable, flexible and comfortable leather type, which is thinner than oxhide. Ideally suited for tasks that require great finger sensitivity, e.g., for simple assembly and fine welding. Protects well against moisture, because the skin contains natural fat (lanolin).
Pigskin has more 'breathability' than oxhide and protects against moisture. The more it is used, the more flexible it becomes.
PIG SPLIT LEATHER
Pig split leather is available in several different grades and is generally slightly less durable than pigskin. Used for the cheaper types of working gloves.
For optimum user safety and comfort, it is important to choose work gloves in the right size.
EN 420, which is a general CE standard for work gloves, indicates e.g. the following concerning sizes:
|CE GLOVE SIZE||6||7||8||9||10||11||12||13|
|CIRCUMFERENCE IN MM.||152||178||203||229||254||279||304||329|
|HAND LENGTH I MM.||160||171||182||192||204||215||226||237|
|GLOVE LENGTH IN MM. MIN||220||230||240||250||260||270||280||290|